Ladder Preparations

Employees should conduct inspections for general ladder safety for all portable ladder types by checking the followings:

Ladders should not have any damage, lack of structural integrity, missing components or loose parts. Warning: Damaged or worn ladders should be destroyed.

  • The steps or rungs must be tight and secure to the side rails.
  • All fittings need to be properly and securely attached.
  • Movable parts must be tested to see that they operate without binding or without too much free play.
  • All labels should be intact and readable.
  • Ladders shall be free of oil, grease, or slippery materials.
  • A ladder that has been exposed to fire or strong chemicals should be discarded.
  • All accessories such as leg levelers, paint shelves, stand-off shelves, etc. are in good condition.
  • The ladder base shall be placed on a secure and level footing. When necessary, ladder levelers shall be used to achieve equal rail support on uneven surfaces.
  • The ladder base must have the slip resistant material.

While inspecting extensions ladders you need to make sure that:

  • Ropes and pulleys are in good condition.
  • Ladder extension locks move freely and lock correctly
  • Rung locks are on the rails of the top section to ensure the top section will not fall.
  • Extension guide brackets are secure and in place